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The electoral proposal below bestows upon Muslims and Christians equal elective power as it allows each religious community to elect the same number of deputies just as in the Orthodox Gathering draft law.

What distinguishes this proposal is that although Muslims and Christians vote in separate districts, they have to vote for an equal number of Muslim and Christian deputies in each district. For instance, in a 2-seat Christian district, Christian voters have to vote for one Christian and one Muslim representative. In a 6-seat Muslim district, Muslims would have to cast their ballots for 3 Muslim representatives and 3 Christian ones. Ballots that do not contain an equal number of Muslim and Christian candidates would be annulled. The proposal does not, however, impose a closed-list system, in order to avoid automatic trade-offs between communities.

The proposal satisfies three important conditions. It exactly respects the “Mounassafeh” principle, which is a fundamental tenet of the Taef Constitution. It strikes a just balance between direct community representation and the building of bridges between religious groups. Half the deputies would be elected directly by their own communities, and would be their voice in Parliament. The other half would be elected by voters from a different religion, and would be a strong moderate center in Parliament, changing the tone of the political discourse.

At a more basic level, the requirement that voters select their representatives equally from the two religious groups, would disrupt their sectarian attitudes and help build a genuine partnership between Muslims and Christians, thus conditioning minds to accept the eventual elimination of political sectarianism.

Number of MPs

Mourani suggests raising the number of MPs from 128 to 132 with a 50/50 split between the two religious groups as illustrated in Table 1. The 4 additional seats would be for the Sunni, the Shia’a, the Maronite and the minorities.

Parliamentary Seats by Sect

Table 1

Sects

Proposed Seats

2009 Seats

Christian

Maronite

35

34

Greek Orthodox

14

14

Greek Catholic

8

8

Armenian Orthodox

5

5

Armenian Catholic

1

1

Evangelical

1

1

Minorities

2

1

Total Christian seats

66

64

Muslim

Sunni

28

27

Shia’a

28

27

Druze

8

8

Alawis

2

2

Total Muslim seats

66

64

Total seats

132

128

District distribution

The proposed formula divides Lebanon into 49 districts, as illustrated in Tables 2 to 6. There will be 16 Muslim districts with 66 seats, while another 66 seats will be assigned to 33 Christian districts. As previously mentioned, Muslims and Christians will obtain equal number of seats in each district and Mohafaza as follows:

  • Beirut: 10 districts of which 5 are Muslim and 5 Christian, with each electing 2 deputies.
  • Mount Lebanon: 36 seats are assigned to this 16-district Mohafaza, with 10 deputies to be elected in 3 Muslim districts and 26 in 13 Christian districts.
  • North: 28 seats are assigned to this 9-district Mohafaza. The seats are distributed equally with 2 Muslim districts electing 14 deputies, and 7 Christian districts electing 14 deputies.
  • Beqa’a: 24 seats are assigned to this 8-district Mohafaza, 14 of which are elected in 3 Muslim districts and 10 in the 5 Christian ones.
  • South and Nabatieh: A total of 6 districts electing 24 seats, of which 18 are assigned to 3 Muslim districts and 6 to the 3 Christian ones.

 

Distribution of electoral districts by seat and number of voters

Table 2

Beirut

District

No. of voters

No. of seats

Distribution

of seats by sect

Muslim Beirut 1

53,498

2

Sunni:1

Armenian Orthodox:1

Muslim Beirut 2

53,498

2

Sunni:1

Evangelical: 1

Muslim Beirut 3

53,498

2

Sunni:1

Greek Orthodox: 1

Muslim Beirut 4

53,498

2

Sunni: 1

Armenian Catholic: 1

Muslim Beirut 5

53,498

2

Shia’a: 1

Armenian Orthodox: 1

Christian Beirut 1

35,972

2

Greek Orthodox: 1

Sunni: 1

Christian Beirut 2

35,171

2

Armenian Orthodox: 1

Shia’a: 1

Christian Beirut 3

35,972

2

Maronite: 1

Druze: 1

Christian Beirut 4

35,972

2

Greek Catholic: 1

Sunni: 1

Christian Beirut 5

36,775

2

Minorities: 1

Sunni: 1

Total

447,352

20

 

10 Christian seats: Armenian Orthodox (3), Greek Orthodox (2),

Evangelical (1), Minorities (1), Maronite (1), Greek Catholic (1),

Armenian Catholic (1)

10 Muslim seats: Sunni (7), Shia’a (2), Druze (1)

 

Distribution of electoral districts by seat and number of voters

Table 3

South and Nabatieh

District

No. of voters

No. of seats

Distribution

of seats by sect

Muslim

South 1

68,732

2

Sunni:1

Maronite: 1

Muslim

South 2

68,732

2

Shia’a: 1

Maronite: 1

Muslim

South 3

481,118

14

Shia’a: 7

Maronite: 5

Greek Catholic: 1

Greek Orthodox: 1

Christian South 1

41,351

2

Maronite: 1

Druze: 1

Christian South 2

40,335

2

Greek Orthodox: 1

Sunni: 1

Christian South 3

42,367

2

Greek Catholic: 1

Shia’

Total

742,635

24

 

12 Christian seats: Maronite (8), Greek Orthodox (2), Greek Catholic (2)

12 Muslim seats: Sunni (2), Shia’a (9), Druze (1)

 

Distribution of electoral districts by seat and number of voters

Table 4

Beqa’a

District

No. of voters

No. of seats

Distribution

of seats by sect

Muslim

Beqa’a 1

107,840

4

Sunni:2

Greek Catholic: 1

Maronite 1

Muslim

Beqa’a 2

53,920

2

Druze: 1

Maronite: 1

Muslim

Beqa’a 3

215,683

8

Shia’a: 4

Greek Orthodox: 2

Greek Catholic: 1

Armenian Orthodox: 1

Christian

Beqa’a 1

31,988

2

Maronite: 1

Shia’a: 1

Christian

Beqa’a 2

31,138

2

Maronite: 1

Shia’a: 1

Christian

Beqa’a 3

31,988

2

Greek Orthodox: 1

Shia’a: 1

Christian

Beqa’a 4

31,988

2

Greek Catholic: 1

Sunni: 1

Christian

Beqa’a 5

32,840

2

Greek Catholic: 1

Shia’a: 1

Total

537,385

24

 

12 Christian seats: Maronite (4), Greek Orthodox (3), Greek Catholic (4), Armenian Orthodox (1)

12 Muslim seats: Shia’a (8), Sunni (3), Druze (1)

 

Distribution of electoral districts by seat and number of voters

Table 5

Mount Lebanon

District

No. of voters

No. of seats

Distribution

of seats by sect

Muslim

Mount Lebanon 1

164,964

6

Druze: 3

Maronite: 3

Muslim

Mount Lebanon 2

54,988

2

Sunni: 1

Maronite: 1

Muslim

Mount Lebanon 3

54,988

2

Shia’a: 1

Maronite: 1

Christian

Mount Lebanon 1

39,329

2

Shia’a: 1

Maronite: 1

Christian

Mount Lebanon 2

39,329

2

Shia’a: 1

Maronite: 1

Christian

Mount Lebanon 3

39,329

2

Shia’a: 1

Maronite: 1

Christian

Mount Lebanon 4

39,329

2

Shia’a: 1

Maronite: 1

Christian

Mount Lebanon 5

39,329

2

Shia’a: 1

Maronite: 1

Christian

Mount Lebanon 6

39,329

2

Shia’a: 1

Maronite: 1

Christian

Mount Lebanon 7

39,329

2

Druze: 1

Maronite: 1

Christian

Mount Lebanon 8

39,329

2

Druze: 1

Maronite: 1

Christian

Mount Lebanon 9

39,329

2

Sunni: 1

Maronite: 1

Christian

Mount Lebanon 10

39,324

2

Sunni: 1

Minorities: 1

Christian

Mount Lebanon 11

39,329

2

Greek Orthodox: 1

Shia’a: 1

Christian

Mount Lebanon 12

39,329

2

Armenian Orthodox: 1

Shia’a: 1

Christian

Mount Lebanon 13

39,329

2

Greek Catholic: 1

Sunni: 1

Total

786,212

36

 

18 Christian seats: Maronite (14), Greek Orthodox (1), Greek Catholic (1), Armenian Orthodox (1), Minorities (1)

18 Muslim seats: Shia’a (9), Sunni (4), Druze (5)

 

Distribution of electoral districts by seat and number of voters

Table 6

North

District

No. of voters

No. of seats

Distribution

of seats by sect

Muslim

North 1

61,671

2

Alawi: 1

Greek Orthodox: 1

Muslim

North 2

370,068

12

Sunni: 6

Maronite: 4

Greek Orthodox: 2

Christian

North 1

45,822

2

Greek Orthodox: 1

Alawi: 1

Christian

North 2

45,822

2

Greek Orthodox: 1

Sunni: 1

Christian

North 3

45,822

2

Greek Orthodox: 1

Sunni: 1

Christian

North 4

45,822

2

Maronite: 1

Sunni: 1

Christian

North 5

45,822

2

Maronite: 1

Sunni: 1

Christian

North 6

45,822

2

Maronite: 1

Sunni: 1

Christian

North 7

45,823

2

Maronite: 1

Sunni: 1

Total

752,494

28

 

14 Christian seats: Maronite (8), Greek Orthodox (6)

14 Muslim seats: Sunni (12), Alawi (2)

 
 
شاهد الجدول كاملا
 
 


 













1 The detailed proposal by the author can be viewed at:
 



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