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Establishment of syndicates

Article 83 of the Lebanese Labor Law legalized each profession to establish its own syndicate that consists of the respective employers and employees. According to Article 85, a syndicate may not comprise members of various professions, as they should all be practicing the same occupation, or similar and relevant ones. Establishment of syndicates entails a license approved by the Minister of Labor. Before licensing, the Ministry of Labor must seek the opinion of the Ministry of Interior and Municipalities then decide whether to approve or disapprove the application.

Number of syndicates

326 syndicates and labor unions have emerged since 1992 until the end of 2012. The syndicates were formed during the following ministerial terms, noting that not one syndicate came about during Minister Mohammad Fneish’s term of office, while syndicates multiplied during that of Minister Asaad Hardan (97 syndicates in 3 terms) followed by Minister Abdullah Al-Amin (87).

Number of syndicates by labor ministers’ terms of office

Michel Sassine (23)

24/12/1990 16/5/1992

Abdullah Al-Amin (87)

15/6/1992 31/10/1992

31/10/1992 25/5/1995

Asaad Hardan (18)

25/5/1995 14/11/1996

Asaad Hardan (68)

14/11/1996 4/12/1998

Michel Moussa (6)

4/12/1998 26/10/2000

Ali Qanso (35)

26/10/2000 17/4/2003

Asaad Hardan (11)

17/4/2003 26/10/2004

Assem Qanso (20)

26/10/2004 19/4/2005

Trad Hamadeh (38)

19/4/2005 19/7/2005

19/7/2005 11/7/2008

Hassan Akif Sabaa

(caretaker) (9)

19/7/2005 11/7/2008

Mohammad Fneish

11/7/2008 9/11/2009

Boutros Harb (7)

9/11/2009 13/6/2011

Charbel Nahhas (2)

13/6/2011 24/2/2012

Salim Jreissati (4)

24/2/2012 To date

No. of syndicates by ministerial term. (1990-2003)

 
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No. of syndicates by ministerial term. (2004-2012)

 

 
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