SHARE

40 Parliamentary by-elections in Lebanon since 1929

 

Three parliamentary seats left vacant after the resignation of Tripoli Orthodox MP Robert Fadel on October 18, 2016, the election of former Kessrouan Maronite MP Michel Aoun as President of the Republic on October 31, 2016, and the death of Tripoli Alawite MP Badr Wannous on January 5, 2017. The government is requested by the Constitution to hold parliamentary by-elections to fill the vacancies, yet conducting them depends on conditions related to Parliament’s term.

Article 41 of the Lebanese Constitution stipulates: “Should a seat in the Parliament becomes vacant, the election of a successor shall begin within two months. The mandate of the new member shall not exceed that of the old member whose place he is taking; however, should the seat in the Parliament becomes vacant during the last six months of its mandate, no successor may be elected”. The current Parliament’s term will expire on May 21, 2018, which means that the “six months” condition to hold the by-elections is met.

By-elections in history

Since the adoption of the Lebanese Constitution in 1926, Lebanon has witnessed 40 by-elections: 29 were held after MPs passed away, six following assassinations, three after MPs were elected Presidents, one after a MP resigned and another after a MP was dismissed from Parliament. The majority of these elections were “family bequests” as the seat was transferred from a MP to his son, brother or nephew. Five MPs replaced their brothers, four replaced their relatives and nine replaced their fathers, apart from Beirut 2005 by-elections when Ghassan Tueni (the father) replaced his assassinated son Gebran, which means that around half the MPs (19) who won in by-elections are related to the former MPs who used to occupy the seat. Some by-elections witnessed fierce competition that led to serious divisions (for example the Chouf  by-elections that were held following the assassination of MP Naim Moghabghab and witnessed a stiff competition between the candidates of Kamal Jumblatt and Camille Chamoun, ending with the victory of  Jumblatt’s candidate).

Two months have passed and the vacant seats are still unfilled. The government has not yet set a date for the elections, thereby violating the Constitution as it has previously done (the latest violation took place upon the death of MP Michel Helou in Jezzine).

 

The following table lists the MPs who won in parliamentary by-elections.

MPs who won in parliamentary by-elections since 1929

Parliament

MP whose seat became vacant/ district

Sect

Cause

Candidates

Winning MP and his relation with the former MP

12-7-1929

09-5-1932

Toufic Erslan/Mount Lebanon

Druze

Passed away in September 1931

Majid Erslan- Talhouq Taqieddine- Amin Taqieddine

Majid Erslan (son)

Fadel al-Fadel/South Lebanon

Shia’a

 

Passed away in January 1935

Bahij al-Fadel-Abdel Latif al-Asa’ad-Mohammad Kamel She’aib

Bahij al-Fadel (son)

30-1-1934

24-7-1937

Chebel Issa el-Khoury/ North Lebanon  

Maronite

Passed away in February 1934

Najib Daher- Wadih Tarabey- Najib Issa el-Khoury-Jamil al-Helou-Emile Khoury-Hanna Daher

Najib Daher

Emile Edde/Mount Lebanon

Maronite

 

Dismissed from Parliament in March 1944

Farid el-Khazen- Toufic Awwad – Khalil Abou Jaoude-Salah Labaki-Roukoz Abou Nader- Iskandar Baz

Khalil Abou Jaoude

Salim Taqla/Mount Lebanon

Catholic

 

Passed away in January 1945

 

Philippe Taqla-Elias Rababi

Philippe Taqla (brother)

21-9-1943

8-4-1947

Bechara el-Khoury/Mount Lebanon

Maronite

Elected president in 1943

Farid el-Khazen- Toufic Awwad- Khalil Abou Jaoude-Salah Labaki- Roukoz Abou Nader-Iskandar Baz

Farid el-Khazen

Wahib Taraya Geagea/ North Lebanon

Maronite

Assassinated in February 1944

Hassib Geagea-Youssef Karam

Youssef Karam

Salim el-Khoury/ Mount Lebanon

Maronite

Resigned in 1947

Uncontested

Emile Lahoud

19475-6-

19514-6-

Farid el-Khazen/Mount Lebanon

Maronite

Passed away in August 1947

Uncontested

Salim el-Khazen

Ibrahim Azar/South Lebanon

Maronite

Passed away in 1950

Uncontested


Rashad Azar (brother)

19515-6-

30-5-1953

Kamil Chamoun/Chouf-Aley

Maronite

Elected president in 1952

Philippe Safa- George Akl-Elie Mkarzel-Aref al-Gharib

Elie Mkarzel

George Zwein/Kessrouan

Maronite

Passed away in 1953

Uncontested

Louis Ziadeh

Riad el-Solh/Saida

Sunni

Assassinated in March 1951

Salah Bizri-Mohammad Hariri-Kazem el-Solh

Salah Bizri

13-7-1953

11-7-1957

Emile Lahoud/Matn

Maronite

Passed away in March 1954

Salim Lahoud-Khalil Abou Jaoude- Habib Akl-Chahine Chahine

Salim Lahoud (nephew)

 

12-7-1957

4-5-1960

Naim Moghabghab/Chouf-Aley

Catholic

Assassinated in July 1959

Salem Abdel-Nour-Ena’am Raad

Salem Abdel-Nour

Farid Cozma/South Lebanon

Maronite

Passed away in May 1959

Maroun Kena’an-Basil Abboud

Basil Abboud

Youssef Zein/Nabatieh

Shia’a

Passed away in May 1962

Sons: Abdel Latif Zein-Izzat Zein

Abdel Latif Zein (son)

18-7-1960

19-2-1964

Emile Boustani/Chouf

Maronite

Passed away in March 1963

Uncontested

Mirna Boustani (daughter)

Qabalan Qabalan/Chouf

 

Sunni

Passed away in March 1936

Anwar el-Khatib-Ahmad Berjaoui

Anwar el-Khatib

Mostafa el-Rifai/Baalbeck-Hermel

Sunni

Passed away in August 1963

Abdallah Sukarieh- Mohammad Sami el-Rifai-Mahmoud el-Hakim- Shawqi al-Breidi-Mohammad Sukarieh

Abdallah Sukarieh

Ahmad al-Asa’ad/Bint Jbeil

Shia’a

 

Passed away in March 1936

Uncontested

Kamel al-Asa’ad (son)

Youssef el-Hrawi/Zahle

Maronite

Passed away in April 1965

George Akl-Said Akl-Marcel Nammour- Gabriel Chamoun-Fouad el-Hrawi-Joseph el-Hrawi

Joseph el-Hrawi  (brother)

4-5-1964

3-5-1968

Antoine Said/Jbeil

Maronite

Passed away in May 1965

Raymond Edde/Nohad Said

Raymond Edde

Chahid el-Khoury/Jbeil

Maronite

Passed away in June 1966

 

Najib el-Khoury- Chucri el-Khoury-Emile Sakr-Antoine al-Shami-Sami Germanos-Edward Noun

Najib el-Khoury (brother)

Maurice Gemayel/Matn

Maronite

Passed away in October 1970

Amin Gemayel-Fouad Lahoud-Antoine el-Achkar-Nabil Ghosn-Joseph Khoury-Edmond Toubia

Amin Gemayel (nephew)

4-5-1968

3-5-1972


Anwar el-Khatib/Chouf

Sunni

Passed away in November 1970

- Zaher el-Khatib-Hassan al-Qa’aqour

Zaher el-Khatib (son)

Suleiman Franjieh/Zgharta

Maronite

Elected president in 1970

Uncontested

Antoine Franjieh (son)

4-5-1972

15-10-1992

Fahmi Chahine/Nabatieh

Shia’a

Passed away in October 1974

Kamel Ahmad-Adel al-Sabbah-Moussa She’aib-Rafik Chahine  

Rafik Chahine (cousin)

16-10-1992

15-9-1996

Abdallah el-Rassi/North Lebanon

Orthodox

Passed away in February 1994

Karim el-Rassi-Ghassan el-Achkar-Khalil Jreij-Riad Rahhal-Raouf el-Rassi

Karim el-Rassi (son)

Joseph Moghaizel/Beirut

Catholic

Passed away in May 1995

Nasri al-Ma’alouf-Mouawad Seja’an-Youssef al-A’araj-Daoud Issa- Bechara Samaha- Joseph Abboud-Meneem Azar- Tony Yared- Gilbert Chammas-George Skaff

Nasri al-Ma’alouf

October 2000

20-6-2005

Albert Moukheiber/Matn

Orthodox

Passed away in April 2002

 

Mirna el-Murr-Gabriel el-Murr-Ghassan Moukheiber

Ghassan Moukheiber (nephew)

Pierre Helou/Baabda-Aley

Maronite

2003Passed way in July

Henry Helou-Hikmat Dib

Henry Helou (son)

Mostafa Saad/South first district

Sunni

Passed away in July 2000

Uncontested

Oussama Saad (brother)

May 2005

June 2009

Edmond Naim/Baabda-Aley

Maronite

Passed away in January 2006

Uncontested

Pierre Daccash

Gebran Tueni/Beirut first district

Orthodox

Assassinated in December 2006

Uncontested

Ghassan Tueni (father)

 

Pierre Gemayel/Matn

Maronite

Assassinated in November 2006

Amin Gemayel-Kamil Khoury

Kamil Khoury

Walid Eido/Beirut second district

Sunni

Assassinated in June 2007

Mohammad al-Amin Itani- Ibrahim al-Halabi

Mohammad al-Amin Itani

June 2009

August 2017

Hashem Alameddine/ Minnieh-Dennieh

Sunni

Passed away in April 2010

Kazem el-Kheir-Kamal el-Kheir

Kazem el-Kheir

Farid Habib/Koura

Greek Orthodox

Passed away in May 2012

Fadi Karam-Walid al-Azar

Fadi Karam

Michel Helou/Jezzine

Maronite

Passed away in June 2014

Amal Abou Zeid-Salah Gebran-Ibrahim Azar-Patrick Rizkallah

Amal Abou Zeid

Source: “Electoral Encyclopedia from our Parliamentary Life” - Secrets and Positions-Volume 10, 1951-1953-Fares Sa’adeh-Beirut 1996 and Parliament 1920-2000 published by Information International  

 

Note: MP Antoine Ghanem was assassinated on September 19th, 2007. Yet, no parliamentary by-elections were held to choose his successor.

 

 



LEAVE A REPLY