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Evolution of the Number of Municipalities

The first nationwide municipal elections were held in Lebanon in 1963 with the participation of 339 municipalities. During the 1998 elections, the number of municipalities stood at 700 while it rose to 904 in 2004 and further to 964 during the fourth local elections in 2010. Lebanon’s municipalities have been growing steadily in number until they reached 1003 in June 2013.

Number of Municipalities by Mohafaza and Qada’a

Lebanon’s municipalities are distributed by Mohafaza and Qada’a as illustrated in the following Table 1, which reveals the following:

  • All 36 towns in the Qada’a of Bint Jbeil have municipal councils. The same applies to the 3 towns of the Tripoli Qada’a and the 26 towns of Rashaya.
  • In Nabatieh, Bfarwi is the only town lacking a municipality.
  • In proportion to the number of towns in each Qada’a, Jbeil is considered the Qada’a with the fewest municipal bodies as 43 of its towns still lack local governance. The Qada’a of Batroun ranks second and the Qada’a of Baalbeck third with municipalities being inexistent in 39 and 31 towns respectively.

Number of Municipalities by Mohafaza and Qada’a

Table 1

Mohafaza/Qada’a

No. of municipalities in 1963

No. of municipalities until June 2013

No. of towns and villages

No. of towns and villages lacking municipalities

Mohafaza of Mount-Lebanon

173

319

480

115

Chouf

37

74

96

20

Aley

38

57

72

13

Baabda

34

45

63

11

Kessrouan

25

52

70

13

Matn

33

54

96

15

Jbeil

6

37

83

43

Mohafaza of North Lebanon

60

261

396

102

Tripoli

3

3

3

0

Batroun

9

27

67

39

Bsharri

7

12

21

9

Zgharta

11

31

50

11

Akkar

13

121

159

21

Mennieh-Dennieh

6

33

51

13

Koura

11

34

45

9

Mohafaza of Beqa’a

46

161

236

65

Baalbeck

12

68

103

31

Hermel

1

7

32

24

Rashaya

6

26

26

0

Zahle

15

29

40

7

Western Beqa’a

12

31

35

3

Mohafaza of South-Lebanon

21

144

176

26

Saida

7

47

53

6

Tyre

4

61

68

4

Jezzine

10

36

55

16

Mohafaza of Nabatieh

38

117

131

13

Nabatieh

9

39

41

1

Marjeyoun

8

26

33

7

Hasbaya

6

16

21

5

Bint Jbeil

15

36

36

0

Mohafaza of Beirut

1

1

1

0

Total

339

1003

1420

321

Source: Interior Ministers’ decisions stipulating the formation of municipalities.

NB: If the difference between the number of towns and that of municipalities varies from the result shown in the last column, this means that 2 or more towns are governed by 1 municipality.

Revenues of the Independent Municipal Fund

The 2011 revenues of the Independent Municipal Fund assigned for distribution to municipalities by virtue of Decree No. 10234 dated April 8, 2013 stood at LBP 417 billion compared to LBP 468 million in 2010 and LBP 400 billion in 2010.

The Decree divided the IMF revenues as follows:

  • LBP 50.040 billion or 12% were allocated to 51 municipal unions.
  • 4.4% or LBP 18.348 billion for the Civil Defense Independent Fund
  • 83.6% or LBP 348.612 billion were allocated to municipalities and were in turn assigned as follows:
  • 90% amounting to LBP 313.750 billion based on the registered population and the actual direct revenues collected by municipalities during the two years prior to distribution.
  • 10% amounting to LBP 34.861 billion were distributed equally to the municipalities having no more than 4000 registered people for the purpose of development projects

Shares of Municipalities

As is the case every year, Beirut received the largest share of the IMF transfers at LBP 61.2 billion, while Tripoli ranked second. The following Table 2 illustrates the major allocations channeled to municipalities.

Distribution of major shares by municipality

Table 2

Municipality

2011 Share (LBP billion)

2010 Share (LBP billion)

Beirut

61.2

67

Tripoli

15.07

16.9

Zahle

5.2

5.9

Saida

4.8

5.5

Ghobeiry

3.2

4.6

Jdaideh

3.2

4

Mina

3.47

3.9

Burj Hamoud

3.19

3.7

Baalbeck

2.4

3.1

Tyre

2.5

2.9

Jounieh

2.2

2.4

Choueifat

1.823

2.03

Sin El-Fil

1.69

1.94

Mennieh

1.66

1.86

Nabatieh

1.65

1.85

Hermel

1.61

1.72

Hadath

1.61

1.82

Ersal

1.57

1.71

Bint Jbeil

1.53

1.75

The smallest shares were transferred to the municipalities detailed in the following Table 3 with the municipality of Shaqdouf in Akkar receiving the lowest allocation.

Distribution of smallest shares by municipality

Table 3

Municipality

2011 Share (LBP million)

2010 Share (LBP million)

Shaqdouf (Akkar)

13.862

15.526

Rajmeh (Aley)

15.061

19.322

Nahriyeh-Boustan Horsh (Akkar)

15.612

17.313

Ain El-Sayyde (Aley)

16.360

19.434

Al-Knaisseh (Baabda)

16.797

19.710

Ain Remmaneh (Aley)

18.374

19.795

Kfertay (Matn)

18.868

21.832

Arqa (Akkar)

19.343

22.180

Homsiyeh (Jezzine)

21.971

25.243

Al-Ghabi (Matn)

23

30.293

Barbara (Akkar)

23.689

-

Al-Atshani (Matn)

24.5

28.509

Dahr El-Qanbar (Akkar)

24.829

-

Qortatha (Baabda)

28.934

28.342

Khat El-Petrol

26.395

-



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